How hard would it be to make a distorted map of the United States in which all the state borders are shown, but with the states shrunk or expanded to have areas proportional to their populations? In other words, like this map from FiveThirtyEight.com…
…but with each state re-sized to visually represent its electoral college weight.
Naturally, this would distort the shape of the U.S. as a whole, at least if one wanted to keep borders touching as they do now. But could it be done? And done so that the country is still basically recognizeable?
Getting the areas right could be tricky, since these aren’t rectangles… One would have to be careful to avoid the sorts of accidental data distortion sins Edward Tufte warns of, and which, in a sense, undistorted electoral maps like the one above are inherently guilty of. On the other hand, it doesn’t have to be precise, just close enough for government work (as the saying goes). Any tool that turns the black lines into grabbable, moveable boundaries, and counts the pixels inside to approximate the area of each state, would be fine. Of course, as you’re moving one state’s boundary, that of its neighboring state is changing too, so the interactions get complicated, hmm.
I have no idea if such tools exist anyway, though. Dear lazyweb…
The following sites have world maps distorted by various criteria, and some information about how the maps were generated. Very eye-opening!
Perfect! Thanks so much. And the first page has a link at the bottom to free software that does the transformation, too.
Okay, it’s been done for the 2004 election, see:
Actually, this one that includes Alaska and Hawaii might be the
I’d read (but not understood why) that it’s computationally difficult to produce these for finer granularities (counties, say).
fivethirtyeight.com did have some cartograms up a while back, but took them down. I think he had a hard time finding one that was legible, and it seems that Excel (which is what he apparently uses for all the computations on the site) can easily generate the ordinary maps, but not cartograms.
At the risk of sounding embarrassingly hand-wavy, I think producing these maps gets harder for finer granularities due to a sort of geometrical analog of the reason it’s hard to construct a file that contains its own checksum as a substring.
Hmm. Yup, it is embarrassingly hand-wavy!
I mean, you’re pulling on the boundaries of one state (county, whatever) in order to get it sized right relative to the other states… some of whom border the state you’re currently adjusting! You can see why it’s not a SMOP, and why it might get worse for finer granularities (the feedback loop gets worse the more separate entities border the entity you’re currently adjusting).